The following proposals passed:


Proposal 8: Revise 2B.7.2 Starting and 2B.7.3 False Starts

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The first sentence in 2B.7.3 "A false start occurs if a rider's wheel moves forward before the start signal, or if one or more riders are forced to dismount due to interference from another rider or other source." is not entirely clear in several aspects. Already during the last rulebook update a discussion was started about how to clarify this, but in the end we put it aside due to lack of time and so we finished it this time.

It was figured out that it makes sense to distinguish between a false start and another reason for the start being aborted and to give the starter at the same time the possibility to warn riders or to disqualify in case of repeated infringements, if they can be made responsible for a start being aborted according to his opinion.
At the same time the starter should have the possibility to abort the start without consequences for one of the riders, e.g. because the abort is caused by external influences.

In the end, therefore, adjustments were necessary not only to Rule 2B.7.3 False Starts, but also to Rule 2B.7.2 Starting and 2C.1.3 Starter to keep everything consistent.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.7.2 Starting

This procedure is used for all Track Races, unless noted otherwise.

Riders start mounted, holding onto a starting post or other support.

Usually, a start-beep apparatus is used. This provides a six-count start: beep - beep -beep - beep - beep - buup! The timing between (the start of) successive beeps is one second. The first five beeps have all the same sound frequency. The final tone (buup) has a higher frequency, so that the competitors can easily distinguish this tone from the rest. The proper moment to start is the beginning of the final tone.

As an alternative, the Starter will give a three-count start before firing a starting gun on the fourth count. Example: One, two, three, BANG! The time between each of these elements should be the same, and approximately 3/4 seconds. This allows riders to predict the timing of the gun, for a fair start.

Riders start with the fronts of their tires (forward most part of wheel) behind the edge of the starting line that is farthest from the finish line. Rolling starts are not permitted in any race. Riders may start from behind the starting line if they wish, provided all other starting rules are followed. Riders may lean before the start, but their wheels may not move forward during the start beeps or counting down. Rolling back is allowed. Riders may place starting posts in the location most comfortable for them, as long as it doesn't interfere with other riders.

2B.7.3 False Starts

A false start occurs if a rider's wheel moves forward before the start signal, or if one or more riders are forced to dismount due to interference from another rider or other source 

If a heat has to be restarted, the Starter will immediately recall the riders, for example by blowing a whistle or other clear and predened signal. Only the earliest false starting rider gets assigned this false start and the associated warning or disqualification.

There are two options on how to deal with false starts:
One False Start Allowed Per Heat: After the first false start of a particular heat, all riders may start again. Thereafter, any rider(s) causing a false start are disqualified for this event. This option should not be used without an electronic false start monitoring system.
One False Start Allowed Per Rider: After the first false start of a particular rider in a heat, the rider in question receives a warning and may start again. Any rider(s) causing their personal second false start are disqualified.

2C.3 Starter Responsibilities

[...]
If a verbal (spoken) count is used, there should be about 3/4 second between each element in the count, with the same amount of time between each of them. Starters should practice this before the races begin. Timing of the count is very important for an accurate start. This count can be in the local language, or a language agreed upon before competition starts.
[...]

 

 

New Rule (Numbering according to Proposal 3/1 - if this fails it remains with the old numbering):

2B.7.1 The Start

1. Unless noted otherwise, riders start mounted, holding onto a starting post or other support, with the fronts of their tires (forward most part of wheel) behind the edge of the starting line that is farthest from the Finish line. Riders may start from behind the starting line if they wish, provided all other starting rules are followed. Riders may place starting posts in the location most comfortable for them, as long as it doesn't interfere with other riders.
2. Rolling starts are not permitted in any race. Riders may lean before the start, but their wheels may not move forward during the start beeps or counting down. Rolling back is allowed.
3. All commands of the starter are to be given in English at Unicon or international competitions. At other competitions, English is optional.
4. After the command "Ready", all riders shall move to their starting position. As soon as the Starter is satisfied that all riders are steady in the correct starting position, he gives the command "Attention" and starts the race. This can be done by a start sequence as follows:
    4.1 Usually, a start-beep apparatus is used. This provides a six-count start: “beep - beep -beep - beep - beep - buup!” The timing between (the start of) successive beeps is one second. The first five beeps have all the same sound frequency. The final tone (buup) has a higher frequency, so that the competitors can easily distinguish this tone from the rest. The proper moment to start is the beginning of the final tone.
Note: Commonly used electronic starting devices use frequencies of about 650 Hz for the first five tones and about 795 Hz for the sixth tone.
    4.2 As an alternative, the Starter will give a three-count start before firing a starting gun on the fourth count. Example: “One, two, three, BANG!” The time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and should be approximately 1 second.
Both variants allow the rider to start leaning ahead of the "buup/BANG", for an exact and predictable start. It is recommended to use one or the other of those two options for all races in a competition if possible. The option to be used must be announced in advance of the competition.
5. If the Starter is not satisfied that all is ready for the start to proceed after he gave the command “Ready” and the riders are on their starting position or they otherwise abort the start, the command should be "Go Back". If a start-beep apparatus is used and the start sequence is already started the start should be aborted by blowing a whistle or other clear and predefined signal.
Where a rider in the judgement of the Starter, after the command “Ready”,
    5.1 causes the start to be aborted, for instance by dismounting, without a valid reason (such reason to be evaluated by the Starter); or
    5.2 does not place themselves in their final starting position at once and without delay; or
    5.3 disturbs other riders in the race through sound, movement or otherwise,
the Starter shall abort the start. The Starter may warn the rider for improper conduct (disqualify in case of repeated infringement of the Rule). However, when an extraneous reason was considered to be the cause for aborting the start, or the Referee does not agree with the Starter’s decision, no rider gets warned or disqualified. This decision shall be clearly indicated to the riders.

2B.7.1.1 False Start

1. A false start occurs if a rider's wheel moves forward before the start signal.
2. In case of a false start, the Starter will abort the start, for example by blowing a whistle or other clear and predefined signal. Any warning or disqualification resulting from this must be clearly indicated to the riders in question.
3. There are two options on how to deal with false starts:
    3.1 One False Start Allowed Per Heat: The use of this option is strongly discouraged when no electronic false start monitoring system is used. After the first false start of a particular heat, all riders receive a warning and may start again. Thereafter, any rider(s) causing a false start are disqualified for this event. Only the earliest false starting rider gets assigned this false start and the associated disqualification.
    3.2 One False Start Allowed Per Rider: After the first false start of a particular rider in a heat, the rider in question receives a warning and may start again. Any rider(s) causing their personal second false start are disqualified for this event. Only the earliest false starting rider gets assigned this false start and the associated warning or disqualification.
It is recommended to use one or the other of those two options for all races in a competition if possible. The option to be used must be announced in advance of the competition.

2C.1.3 Starter

[...]
2. If a verbal (spoken) count is used, the time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and should be approximately 1 second. Starters should practice this before the races begin. Timing of the count is very important for an accurate start. This count are to be given in English at Unicon or international competitions. At other competitions, English is optional.
[...]

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 20

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 7: Revise/Change 2B.7.4 Lane Use to Lane Infringement

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The current rule on lane use has short comings in many places:
- It covers only lane-bound races, but it should be prohibited to leave lane 1 to the inside also in non-lane-bound races.
- Leaving the lane in lane-bound races is not allowed according to the current rule, even to the outside in the bend or on the straight, even if no advantage can be gained in this case.
- Riding on the lane markings is currently allowed, which can lead to problems.


All in all, it became clear in the discussion that it would make sense to follow the rules of athletics here and to rewrite the rule and take all these aspects into account.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.7.4 Lane Use

2B.7.2.2 Lane Use

In most races, a rider must stay in his or her own lane, except when the rider has to swerve to avoid being involved in a crash. In all other cases, a rider who goes outside their lane is disqualified. Going outside a track lane means that the tire of the unicycle touches the ground outside his assigned lane. Riding on the marking is allowed. No physical contact between riders is allowed during racing.

 

New Rule (Numbering according to Proposal 3 - if this fails it remains with the old numbering):

2B.7.2.2 Lane Infringement

1. In all races or sections of races:
    1.1 that are lane-bound, riders may not leave and ride outside their assigned lane. Riding outside of a lane means that the tire of the unicycle touches the marking on either side of the assigned lane, this means riding on the markings is not allowed.
    1.2 that are non-lane bound, riders may not leave lane 1 to the inside. Leaving lane 1 to the inside means to ride on or inside the kerb or line marking of the track border.
If a rider violates this rule, they (or in case of a relay competition, their team) shall be disqualified. This does not apply to cases described in paragraph 2.

2. A rider (or in case of a relay competition, their team) shall not be disqualified if the rider:
    2.1 is pushed or forced by another person or object to leave their lane or ride on or inside the kerb or line marking of the track border, e.g. to avoid being involved in a crash, or
    2.2 rides outside their lane on the straight or rides outside the outer line of their lane on the bend, or
    2.3 leaves the lane during a relay competition to pick up the dropped baton
and does not gain a material advantage by doing so and does not obstruct another rider in the process. If, in the judgement of the referee, a material advantage is gained and/or another rider is obstructed, the rider (or team) shall be disqualified.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 18

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 9: Revise section 2B.7.2.1 Obstruction

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The current section on obstructions has some shortcomings that should be fixed with this proposal. Details can be found in the related discussion 54.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.7.2.1 Obstruction

1. This includes intentionally interfering in any way with another rider, deliberately crossing in front of another rider to prevent him or her from moving on, deliberately blocking another rider from passing, or distracting another rider with the intention of causing a dismount.
2. A rider who is forced to dismount due to interference by another rider may file a protest immediately at the end of the race.
3. Riders who intentionally interfere with other riders may receive from the Referee a warning, a loss of placement (given the next lower finishing place), disqualification from that race/event, or suspension from all races.

 

New Rule:

2B.7.2.1 Obstruction

1. Obstruction includes jostling, blocking, intentionally interfering with a rider in any way and distracting a rider with the intention of slowing them or causing a dismount during a race. Jostling should be understood as physical contact between riders and/or their unicycles. Blocking should be understood as deliberately crossing in front of a rider to prevent them from moving on, or deliberately preventing a rider from passing.
2. If a rider is obstructed during a race and the referee
    2.1 considers the obstruction to be unintentional, not caused by any specific rider, or if the source of the problem cannot be determined, no penalty may be imposed on any rider for it.
    2.2 finds another rider to be responsible for the obstruction, that rider (or in case of a relay competition, their team) shall be disqualified for this race/event.
3. A rider who was obstructed may file a protest immediately at the end of the race. The Referee may, if they consider that the rider (or their team) was seriously affected by the obstruction, grant a new attempt in accordance with rule 2B.X Second Attempt After Hindrance or Interference.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 54

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, yellow and crossed out means this part is moved and blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 10: Revise section 2B.7.2.4 Dismounting and assisting racers

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The itention of this proposal is to clarify the rule somewhat to make it clearer to readers what applies to races in which remounts are allowed and what applies to races in which they are not allowed.

Furthermore the definition of a dismount should be moved to section "1D.1 Definitions".

Details can be found in the related discussion 53.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.7.2.4 Dismounts and Assisting Racers

1. A dismount is any time a rider’s foot or other body part touches the ground. Except for the 800m, Relay races, and other races where this is announced in advance, after a dismount the race may not be continued and will be considered as not finished (DNF - Did Not Finish). In races where riders are allowed to remount and continue, riders must immediately remount at the point where the unicycle comes to rest, without running. If a dismount puts the rider past the finish line, the rider must back up and ride across the line in control, in the normal direction.
2. In races where riders are allowed to remount, the riders must mount the unicycle completely unassisted. Spectators or helpers may help the rider to his or her feet and/or retrieve the dropped unicycle, but the rider (and the unicycle) may not have any physical contact with any outside object or person, including a starting block under the wheel, when mounting.

 

New Rule:

1D.1 Definitions

[...]
Dismount: In the Track disciplines, a dismount is any time a rider's foot or other body part touches the ground.
[...]

(To the Main Committee: We would suggest that the definition be generalized by an appropriate vote in the Main Committee, for example: "Dismount: Except for the Freestyle disciplines, a dismount is any time a rider's foot or other body part touches the ground.")

 

2B.7.2.4 Remounting and Assisting Racers

1. Except for the 800m, Relay races, and other races where this is announced in advance, remounting after a dismount is not allowed.
2. In all races:
    3.1 in which remounting after a dismount is not allowed, after a dismount the race may not be continued and will be considered as not finished (DNF - Did Not Finish).
    3.2 in which remounting after a dismount is allowed, riders must immediately remount at the point where the unicycle comes to rest, without running. If a dismount puts the rider past the finish line, the rider must back up and ride across the line in control, in the normal direction. Riders must mount the unicycle completely unassisted. Spectators or helpers may help the rider to their feet and/or retrieve the dropped unicycle, but the rider (and the unicycle) may not have any physical contact with any outside object or person, including a starting block under the wheel, when mounting.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 53.

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, orange means this part is moved and blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 12: Revise 2C.1.2 Referee

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The rule 2C.1.2 describes basically the tasks of the referee, but some points should be formulated a bit more detailed and one aspect is missing, which is very important, namely that the referee is the one, who disqualifies riders. The revision of rule 2C.1.2 addresses this aspects.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2C.1.2 Referee

1. The Referee is the head track offcial, whose primary job is to make sure the competitors follow the rules. The Referee makes all final decisions regarding rule infractions.
2. The Referee has final say on whether a rider's safety equipment is suffcient.
3. The Referee is responsible for resolving protests.
4. The Referee makes sure other track offcials are trained and ready.

 

 

New Rule:

2C.1.2 Referee

1. The Referee is the head track official. The Referee is responsible for making sure that the competition rules are observed and for deciding on all related questions that arise during the event. This applies in particular to the handling of protests, as well as to questions of interpretation of the rules.
2. The Referee has full control and authority over all judges and shall instruct them on all details and regulations related to the competition.
3. The Referee shall ensure that all necessary judges are on their assigned places. The Referee may replace absent, incapacitated or inadequate judges with others and may appoint additional judges. The Referee shall ensure that the judges do not interfere in the competition in a biased manner.
4. The Referee can ban persons from the competition venue for the duration of the competition, if they significantly disturb the execution of the competition.
5. The Referee has the exclusive right to disqualify riders in case of violations of the competition rules, with the exception of violations concerning the start (2B.7.1). Violations of the competition rules can be determined by their own observations or in reports of the responsible judges. Violations of the competition rules have to be reported to the referee with the following information: Position and name of the judge, competition, heat number, lane number and/or start number of the rider, as well as a clear description of the violation.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 58

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 40: Replace "shall" by "must" in the track chapter

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on October 25, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

In another discussion it turned out that "shall" was traditionally used in formal texts, but here a rethinking is taking place and "must" is rather used in formal texts (https://www.plainlanguage.gov/guidelines/conversational/shall-and-must/). Even if other rules, such as the athletics rules, use "shall", we should use "must" here, following the information of the link.

Therefore this proposal is a general proposal about replacing "shall" by "must" for the track part without explicitly mentioning all the occurrences of "shall". Especially because most of the occurrences of "shall" are in the proposals we voted on in this round of the Rulebook Committe.

Proposal

Replacement of all occurrence of "shall" by "must" in part 2 of the IUF Rulebook (the track chapter).

 

The Track Committee, by approving this proposal, is simultaneously recommending to the Main Committee a corresponding harmonization throughout the entire IUF Rulebook and therefore a replacement of all occurrence of "shall" by "must" outside of chapter 2.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 94

References


Proposal 28: Adding a new Rule 2D.11 Wind Measurement

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on November 03, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

Wind has an extreme influence on the results in many disciplines, so it is necessary to make this influence visible for the riders by measuring the wind and having the possibility to publish the values with the results. At the same time, for the recognition of world records, it is necessary to limit an advantage due to tailwind, which is why a wind measurement is also mandatory here. This proposal describes a wind measurement for corresponding disciplines.

Proposal

Proposal for the new rule:

Editorial note: This proposal is only for the wind measurement in the track disciplines described in 2B - the Track Committee recommends that the Jumps Committee also introduce rules for Long Jump on track, reference can be made to these rules if necessary.

 

2D.11 Wind Measurement

It is recommended to measure the wind speed for 100 m, 200 m, One Foot, Wheel Walk, Track Coasting and Track Gliding since tailwind can have a significant influence when the track is not ridden at least once complete. For Unicons such wind speed measurement is required. For World Records to be valid, there may not be a tailwind averaging more than 2 m/s during the period specified below. The following rules apply to wind measurement:

1. All wind gauge equipment must be IUF approved and manufactured and calibrated according to international standards. The accuracy of the measuring eqipment used in the competition must have been verified by an appropriate organisation accredited by the national measurement authority.
Note: All WorldAthletics certified devices are approved.

2. Non-mechanical wind gauges must be used.

3. The wind gauge should preferably be started and stopped automatically and remotely, and the information conveyed directly to the competition computer. A manual start and stop should only be performed if there is no other possibility. In any case, the responsible judge needs a separate instruction for the correct operation of the wind gauge.

4. The wind gauge must be read in meters per second, rounded to the next higher tenths of a meter per second, unless the second decimal is zero, in the positive direction. Gauges that produce digital readings expressed in tenths of meters per second must be constructed so as to comply with this rule.
Explanation: This means that a reading of +2.03 m/s must be recorded as +2.1 m/s; a reading of -2.03 m/s must be recorded as -2.0 m/s.

5. The wind gauge is placed beside the straight, adjacent to lane 1 and 50 m from the finish line (200 m and 100 m) respectively 25 m from the finish line (One Foot and Wheel Walk). During the Track Coasting and Track Gliding the wind gauge is placed beside the straight, adjacent to lane 1 and 50 m from the starting line. During the long jump the wind gauged is positioned adjacent to the speed-up lane 10 m in front of the jump marker. In all cases the measuring plane shall be positioned at 1.22 m ± 0.05 m height and not more than 2 m away from the track.

6. The period for which the wind velocity must be measured from the start signal are as follows:
100 m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 seconds,
One Foot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8 seconds,
Wheel Walk . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 seconds.
For a 200 m race, the wind velocity must normally be measured for a period of 14 seconds commencing when the first rider enters the straight, but the measuring can also be started automatically after 14 seconds from the start signal.
For Track Coasting and Track Gliding the wind velocity must be measured for a period of 15 seconds from the time when the rider passes the start line.

 

 

Effect on other rules:

 

2B.8.2 Track Coasting

[...] Wind must be at a minimum for records to be set and broken.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 5

References


Proposal 38: Revise 2D.2 Officials

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 13, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

By adding more Judges to Chapter 2C, Section 2D.2 Officials should also be updated accordingly. The proposal takes into account that theoretically there could be also only technical disciplines or only races and in these cases not all officials and judges are needed.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2D.2 Officials

The host must designate the following officials for track racing:
    - Track Director
    - Referee
    - Starter
    - Finish Line Judge

 

New Rule:

2D.2 Officials and Judges

1. The host must designate the following officials for all track events:
    - Track Director
    - Referee
1.1 For races the following additional officials and judges must be designated:
    - Starter
    - Timekeeper
    - Finish Line Judge
    - Lane Judge
1.2 For technical disciplines the following additional judges must be designated:
    - Technical Disciplin Judge

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 92

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.
In the proposal everything of the new rule which is new/changed is italic.

References


Proposal 4: Adding another judge - 2C.1.5 Lane Judge

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on July 17, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

5 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 5, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

For all track races additional judges are needed, which are currently not mentioned/foreseen in the rulebook, namely the lane judges.
In all lane-bound races for example it must be supervised that the riders stay in their lane. For the relay, it must be additionally supervised that the takeover takes place within the takeover zone. For the one-foot race, it must also be monitored that all riders take their foot off the pedal in time. For these tasks the lane judges are used, but they are not mentioned in chapter 2C so far. I would therefore propose to add the track judges and their tasks.

Proposal

Proposal for the new rule:

2C.1.5 Lane Judge

1. The Lane Judge observes the adherence to the corresponding competition rules during the race. Sufficient number of Lane Judges are to be appointed according to the discipline to guarantee a complete supervision of the adherence to all rules on all lanes.
2. The Lane Judge observes at lane-bound races in particular that no rider leaves his lane and at non-lane-bound races that the riders respect the rules for overtaking and the minimum distances.
3. The Lane Judge observes in the one-foot race whether the riders take a foot off a pedal in time at the 5 m line. A Lane Judge should supervise a maximum of two lanes without technical aids.
4. The Lane Judge observes during the relay that the takeover of the baton is carried out according to the rules.

Body

See discussion 9

References


Proposal 5: Adding another judge - 2C.1.6 Technical Disciplin Judge

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on July 17, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

5 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 5, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

For the technical disciplines under 2B.8 no judges are currently named in the rulebook. I think it would be much more logical if also for these disciplines judges and their responsibilities would be listed in chapter 2C.

Proposal

Proposal for the new rule:

2C.1.6 Technical Discipline Judge

1. The Technical Discipline Judge supervises the adherence to the corresponding competition rules in the Technical Disciplines according to 2B.8 and the corresponding subchapters.
2. The Technical Discipline Judge shall score and record all attempts of the athletes in the Technical Disciplines. There shall be at least two Technical Discipline Judges for each competition of a Technical Discipline at Unicon and other international competitions, and it is strongly recommended that this is also applied to all other competitions.

Body

See discussion 10

References


Proposal 6: Adding 200m as discipline to the rulebook

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on July 17, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

5 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 4, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 1.

Background

For many years the IUF has been publishing a world record over 200m on its website, without having it in the IUF World Record Guidelines. The IUF World Record Committee has decided to integrate the 200m into the official IUF World Record Guidelines, but also wants to achieve a stronger link between the World Record Guidelines and the Rulebook, meaning that world records should be achived in offical IUF disciplines.

Therefore the 200m should be included in the rulebook as a official discipline, but as a non-required discipline for Unicons (which is the case if 1C.2 remains unchanged).

Proposal

Proposal for the new rule:

2B.6.2 200m Race

The 200m race is started with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. In the 200m race, riders must stay in their lane.

Body

See discussion 4

References


Proposal 1: Reorganization of Chapter 2C Judges and Officials Rules

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on July 16, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

5 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 5, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

Chapter 2C is currently structured anything but logically. Some tasks of the referee and the starter are explained directly under the chapter heading, but others only under 2C.1 or even later in a separate chapter for the corresponding official. This proposal is therefore a logical restructuring of the rules currently in the Rulebook.

Proposal

New Structure: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

2C Judges and Officials Rules

2C.1 Track Officials

2C.1.1 Track Director

1. The Track Director is the head organizer and administrator of track events. He is the highest authority on everything to do with the track events, except for decisions on rules and results.
2. The Track Director is responsible for the logistics and equipment for all track events.
3. With the Referee, the Track Director is in charge of keeping events running on schedule, and answers all questions not pertaining to rules and judging.

2C.1.2 Referee

1. The Referee is the head track offcial, whose primary job is to make sure the competitors follow the rules. The Referee makes all final decisions regarding rule infractions.
2. The Referee has final say on whether a rider's safety equipment is suffcient.
3. The Referee is responsible for resolving protests.
4. The Referee makes sure other track offcials are trained and ready.

2C.1.3 Starter

1. The Starter starts races and calls riders back in the event of false starts. The Responsibilities follow from the text in 2B.7.2, Starting and 2B.7.3, False Starts.
2. If a verbal (spoken) count is used, there should be about 3/4 second between each element in the count, with the same amount of time between each of them. Starters should practice this before the races begin. Timing of the count is very important for an accurate start. This count can be in the local language, or a language agreed upon before competition starts.
3. The Starter checks riders for correct unicycles and safety equipment and will remove from the starting line-up any riders not properly equipped to race, including riders with dangerously loose shoelaces.
4. The starter explains race rules.

2C.1.4 Finish Line Judge

1. The Finish Line Judge determines whether riders cross the finish line properly, according to the rules.
2. One or more offcials are required at the finish line to judge dismounts in all races where dismounting is allowed. These offcials must be appointed by the racing referee so they fully understand their crucial job. The finish line judges are the voice of authority on whether riders must remount and cross the finish line again. Any riders affected must be clearly and immediately signaled to return to a spot before the finish line, remount without overlapping the finish line, then ride across it again. The path for backing up may involve going around any finish line timing or optical equipment to prevent data problems for other riders in the race.
3. When a rider dismounts while crossing the finish line and has to back up, remount and cross the finish properly, it may happen that the first (illegal) finish is timed, and that this prevents the timing system from recording the time of the actual (proper) finish. (This may happen with a light beam finish timing system, or one based on chip timing. It will usually not happen with a modern slit camera system.)
If possible, the proper finish time must be reconstructed or estimated from whatever data is available, such as legitimate finish times of other riders in relation to the rider in question, video, photographs, or a "manual" reading from a running time display.
If it is in no way possible to assess an actual finish time, the rider's time will be recorded as 0.01 seconds faster than the next rider to cross the line after their remount and crossing. In this way, the heat finish order is preserved. If the rider in question is the last one on the track, the time recorded should be the best possible estimate of their actual time crossing the finish line after their remount.

2C.2 Training Offcials

As the rules state, competitions cannot be started until all key track officials have been trained and understand their tasks. For all Track disciplines, as written
in 2C.1.2 4., the Referee is in charge of making sure this happens.

Body

See discussion 8

References


Proposal 3: Reorganization of Subchapter 2B.7 Racing Rules

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on July 16, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

5 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 5, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

Basically a race can be divided into three parts: The start, the "actual race" and the finish. It would make sense to include this structure in the rules.

False starts are somehow part of the start and therefore could be included as a subsubchapter to the subchapter start. The rules 2B.7.4 Lane Use and 2B.7.5 Passing in Non-Lane Races belong to the rules of the actual race just like the rules 2B.7.6 Dismounts, 2B.7.7 Assisting Racers - which belong together in a certain way - and 2B.7.8 Illegal Riding - which is actually more aptly about obstructions.
For the finish there is rule 2B.7.10 Finishes.
The current rules 2B.7.1 Riders Must Be Ready, 2B.7.9 Second Attempt After Hindrance or Interference and 2B.7.11 Finals, on the other hand, are valid for all races and technical disciplines and should therefore be separated from the rules of the racing rules.

Proposal

New Structure: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

2B.7 Racing Rules

2B.7.1 The Start

1. Unless noted otherwise, riders start mounted, holding onto a starting post or other support, with the fronts of their tires (forward most part of wheel) behind the edge of the starting line that is farthest from the Finish line. Riders may start from behind the starting line if they wish, provided all other starting rules are followed. Riders may place starting posts in the location most comfortable for them, as long as it doesn't interfere with other riders.
2. Rolling starts are not permitted in any race. Riders may lean before the start, but their wheels may not move forward during the start beeps or counting down. Rolling back is allowed. 
3. Usually, a start-beep apparatus is used. This provides a six-count start: beep - beep -beep - beep - beep - buup! The timing between (the start of) successive beeps is one second. The first five beeps have all the same sound frequency. The final tone (buup) has a higher frequency, so that the competitors can easily distinguish this tone from the rest. The proper moment to start is the beginning of the final tone.
4. As an alternative, the Starter will give a three-count start before firing a starting gun on the fourth count. Example: One, two, three, BANG! The time between each of these elements should be the same, and approximately 3/4 seconds. This allows riders to predict the timing of the gun, for a fair start.

2B.7.1.1 False Start

1. A false start occurs if a rider's wheel moves forward before the start signal, or if one or more riders are forced to dismount due to interference from another rider or other source.
2. If a heat has to be restarted, the Starter will immediately recall the riders, for example by blowing a whistle or other clear and predened signal. Only the earliest false starting rider gets assigned this false start and the associated warning or disqualication.
3. There are two options on how to deal with false starts:
3.1 One False Start Allowed Per Heat: After the first false start of a particular heat, all riders may start again. Thereafter, any rider(s) causing a false start are disqualied for this event. This option should not be used without an electronic false start monitoring system.
3.2 One False Start Allowed Per Rider: After the first false start of a particular rider in a heat, the rider in question receives a warning and may start again. Any rider(s) causing their personal second false start are disqualied.

2B.7.2 The Race

2B.7.2.1 Obstruction

1. This includes intentionally interfering in any way with another rider, deliberately crossing in front of another rider to prevent him or her from moving on, deliberately blocking another rider from passing, or distracting another rider with the intention of causing a dismount.
2.
A rider who is forced to dismount due to interference by another rider may file a protest immediately at the end of the race.
3. Riders who intentionally interfere with other riders may receive from the Referee a warning, a loss of placement (given the next lower finishing place), disqualication from that race/event, or suspension from all races.

2B.7.2.2 Lane Use

1. In lane-bound races, a rider must stay in their own lane, except when the rider has to swerve to avoid being involved in a crash. In all other cases, a rider who goes outside their lane is disqualified. Going outside a track lane means that the tire of the unicycle touches the ground outside their assigned lane. Riding on the marking is allowed.
2. No physical contact between riders is allowed.

2B.7.2.3 Passing in Non-Lane Races

1. In non-lane-bound races, an overtaking rider must pass on the outside, unless there is enough room to safely pass on the inside. Riders passing on the inside are responsible for any fouls that may take place as a result. Riders must maintain a minimum of one (24 Class) wheel diameter (618 mm as judged by eye) between each other when passing,and at all other times. This is measured from wheel to wheel, so that one rider passing another may come quite close, as long as their wheels remain at least 618 mm apart. The slower rider must maintain a reasonably straight course, and not interfere with the faster rider.
2. No physical contact between riders is allowed.

2B.7.2.4 Dismounts and Assisting Racers

1. A dismount is any time a rider's foot or other body part touches the ground. Except for the 800m, Relay races, and other races where this is announced in advance, after a dismount the race may not be continued and will be considered as not finished (DNF - Did Not Finish). In races where riders are allowed to remount and continue, riders must immediately remount at the point where the unicycle comes to rest, without running. If a dismount puts the rider past the finish line, the rider must back up and ride across the line in control, in the normal direction.
2. In races where riders are allowed to remount, the riders must mount the unicycle completely unassisted. Spectators or helpers may help the rider to his or her feet and/or retrieve the dropped unicycle, but the rider (and the unicycle) may not have any physical contact with any outside object or person, including a starting block under the wheel, when mounting.

2B.7.3 The Finish

1. The finish moment is when the front of the tire crosses the finish. The exact location of the finish is the edge of the finish line that is nearest to the starting line. Riders are thus not timed by outstretched bodies.
2. At the finish moment, riders must be mounted and in control of the unicycle. "Control" is defined as follows:
(a) in regular races: the rider has both feet on the pedals; or
(b) in one-foot races: the rider has one foot on a pedal; or
(c) in wheel walk races: the rider continues to wheel walk.
3. In races where dismounting is allowed (800m, Relay, etc.), in the event that a rider does cross the finish line but not in control, the rider must back up on foot, remount and ride across the finish line in control. In races where dismounting is not allowed, the rider is disqualied.

 

2B.X Riders Must Be Ready

1. Riders must be ready when called for their races or attempts. Riders not at the start when their race or attempt begins may lose their chance to participate. The Starter or the Referee will decide when to stop waiting, remembering to consider language barriers, and the fact that some riders may be slow because they are helping run the convention.

2B.X New Attempt After Hindrance or Interference

1. If a rider is hindered due to the actions of another rider, or outside interference during a run, they may request to make a new attempt. The Referee decides if the request is granted. A new attempt must not be granted to a rider who is disqualied based on something that happened before they were hindered.
2. No complete denition of hindrance or interference can be given, but it does include cases where a rider swerves, hesitates and/or decelerates because this is arguably necessary in order to avoid a crash or potential crash.
If the request is granted, the rider will be given a new attempt in technical disciplines. In the case of a race, the Referee has two options:
Option 1: Re-run the whole heat in question.
In general, this option is preferred only if the heat includes the fastest riders within an age group. For the other riders in the heat, riding again is optional. If they decide to ride again, they agree to discard their previous result. If they don't ride again, their previous result stands. If none of the other riders want to ride again, the Referee reverts to option 2.2.
Option 2: Do any of (a), (b) or (c), depending on the conditions.
In general, this option is preferred if the heat in question did not include the fastest riders within an age group:
(a) If possible, the rider is added to an upcoming heat in his own age group; or
(b) If possible, the rider is added to an upcoming heat in another age group; or
(c) If none of the above is possible, the rider does his second attempt in a dedicated heat.
In option 2, the rider decides if he wants company or not. He can pick the riders, but cannot hold up the proceedings to wait for them if other riders are available. The Referee has the nal say as to which extra riders are allowed to participate in such a heat. It must be stated clearly to any accompanying riders that their result is not official.
3. In all cases, if the hindered rider is allowed to do a new attempt and decides to do so, the first run is canceled and only the second run counts regardless of the result. In the case where a new attempt was incorrectly granted, for example when the rider was disqualied based on something that happened before the hindrance in question occurred, the result of the new attempt for that rider does not count and the result from the first run stands.
4. In non-lane-bound races, if a rider is forced to dismount due to a fall by the rider immediately in front, it is considered part of the race  not a reason to grant a second attempt and all riders involved may remount and continue. The Referee can override this rule if intentional interference is observed.

2B.X Finals

1. At Unicons, a 'final' must be held for each of the following disciplines: 100m, 400m, 800m, One Foot, Wheel Walk, and IUF Slalom. For any other Track discipline, a 'final' may be held at the discretion of the organizer, after all age group competition for that discipline has been completed.
2. Finals are subject to the same rules as age group competition, including false start rules and number of attempts. 
For disciplines that are run in heats this will take the form of a final heat. For disciplines that are not run in heats the final will take the form of successive attempts by the finalists.
3. The riders posting the best results regardless of age in the age group competition are entitled to compete in the final. They can be called finalists. For each final, the number of finalists (finalist teams in case of relay) will be eight, unless for an event that uses lanes, the number of usable lanes is less than eight. In that case the number of finalists equals the number of usable lanes. Finals are composed regardless of age group, but male and female competitors are in separate finals.
4. The best result in a final determines the male or female Champion for that discipline (World Champion in the case of Unicon). If a finalist disqualifies, gets a worse result, or doesn't compete in the final, their result in age group competition will still stand. The male and female winners of the finals will be considered the Champions for those disciplines, even if a different rider posted a better result in age group competition. In disciplines for which no finals are held, finalist status will still be awarded on the basis of results in age group competition. Accordingly, riders posting the best results in each discipline are the Champions for that discipline.
5. Speed records can be set in both age group competition and finals.

Body

See discussion 14

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.
All changes are only editorial, mainly to reflect the fact that the rules are now partly valid for races and technical disciplines, which was not consistently considered in the last Ruelbook update, as well as to remove unnecessary his/her consturctions from the rules, since this proposal is only about restructering the chapter 2C.

References


Proposal 27: Revise 2B.8.1 IUF Slalom

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on October 09, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The current rule on IUF Slalom has some shortcomings that have been worked out and discussed in discussion 70. These include:
1. safety concerns due to objects in the area behind the finish line.
2. handling of flying starts and their monitoring
3. alignment of the cones
4. practice course


The rule has been extended with regard to this aspects.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.8.1 IUF Slalom

Pictured here is the IUF Slalom, in which you must ride around 10 cones in the correct pattern. Arrows marked on the ground should indicate the direction of the turns for riders unfamiliar with the course. The rider has to start directly behind the Start line. The Starter gives the opening, and then the competitor has to start during the next 3 seconds. The timer is started when any defined point of the tire (for example the part that crosses a low light beam) crosses the start line, and stops when a similar point of the tire crosses the finish line. If the rider has not yet started after 3 seconds, the timer will start counting anyway. The rider is not disqualified for this. Time measurement at start and finish line must be identical to insure accurate time measurement. It must be secured that riders do not gain momentum before crossing the start line (no flying starts). Remounting is not allowed. Cones may be hit, but not knocked over. The course must be followed correctly, including the direction of turns. The last cone must be completely circled before the rider's time is taken at the finish line. Riders who go the wrong way around a cone can go back and make the turn the correct way with the clock still running. The cones used are plastic or similar material traffic cones. Cones must be between 45 and 60 cm tall and the base plate must fit in a square with side length 32 cm.
Note: The cones should be stable enough to stay put even in a stiff wind.
The course must be set up accurately. The proper positions of the cones should be marked on the ground for a cone to be replaced quickly after it has been knocked over. Riders get two attempts.

 

New Rule:

2B.8.1 IUF Slalom

1. The IUF Slalom is a parcours consisting of 10 cones, as shown in figure 2B.1, which must be run through as fast as possible in the correct pattern, without knocking cones over. No remounting after a dismount is allowed. Riders get two attempts.

2. The rider has to start directly behind the Start line. The Starter gives the opening by indicating the start of the 3-second time window to cross the start line. The timer is started when any defined point of the tire (for example the part that crosses a low light beam) crosses the start line, and stops when a similar point of the tire crosses the finish line. If the rider has not yet started after 3 seconds, the timer will start counting anyway. This does not invalidate the attempt. Time measurement at start and finish line must be identical to insure accurate time measurement.

3. It must be secured that riders do not gain momentum before crossing the start line (no flying starts). If a flying start occurs, the start must be aborted by a clear and predefined signal. Flying starts can be automatically detected and signalled to the rider, e.g. by a light barrier system behind the rider at the start or by the responsible judge. If this happens the first time during an attempt, the rider is allowed to start over, but if it happens the second time, the attempt is invalid.

4. Cones may be hit, but not knocked over, otherwise the attempt is invalid. The course must be followed correctly, including the direction of turns. Riders who go the wrong way around a cone must go back and make the turn the correct way with the clock still running, otherwise the attempt is invalid. Arrows marked on the ground should indicate the direction of the turns for riders unfamiliar with the course. The last cone must be completely circled before the rider’s time is taken at the finish line. 

5. The cones used are plastic or similar material traffic cones. Cones must be between 45 and 60 cm tall and the base plate must fit inside a square with side length 32 cm. The cones should be stable enough to stay put even in a stiff wind. Cones that do not have a round base plate must be aligned with at least one side parallel to the start/finish line.

6. The course must be set up accurately. The proper positions of the cones should be marked on the ground for a cone to be replaced quickly after it has been knocked over. An area of at least 1.5m in depth must be kept clear in front of the start line/behind the finish line, in which only equipment directly needed for timing is allowed to be located. With electronic timing, the light beams at the start and finish should be placed in such a way that the rider can cross the start and finish line at any reasonable location.

7. At least one practice course is required. If the practice course is not on a surface similar to the timed course, each rider should be allowed one practice run before their timed run. If they do not do both of their timed runs at the same time, another practice run should be allowed before the rider's second timed attempt.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 70

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.
In the proposal everything of the new rule which is new/changed is italic.

References


Proposal 36: Revise/Change 2B.1.2 Unicycles, 2B.1.3 Wheel Size Categories, 2B.6.8 Other Wheel Size Races and 2D.3 Communication

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 27, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The rule 2B.6.7 (now 2B.6.8) Other Wheel Size Races is a bit strange because it describes primarily other wheel size categories and actually no other races. Therefore the question can arise, if the rule should rally be placed under "Racing Rules" and if it is really needed here. All in all the current Rulebook is not consistent about wheel sizes categories in many places, i.e. under 2B.2 (now 2B.1.2) it says "Only regular unicycles may be used" and regular unicycles are defined in 1D.1 to have no gears. But 2B.2 (now 2B.1.2) goes on with a table for unicycle classes that includes geared unicycles. Then 2B.5 (now 2B.1.3) lists wheel size categories for track racing but unlimited class is absent. All inn all 2B.2 and 2B.5 (now 2B.1.2 and 2B.1.3) should match and be consistent, so it was proposed to make a change here.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

OLD Rules:

2B.1.2 Unicycles

1. Only regular unicycles may be used. Riders may use different unicycles for different racing events, as long as all comply with the rules for events in which they are entered.
2. For events divided by wheel size, there is a allowable tire diameter range and minimum crank arm length for each Unicycle Class:

[Table]

3. Any unicycles in question must be checked for compliance within their wheel class (wheel diameter, crank length and transmission), with the tire pressure that will be used in the race. Preferably, this check is carried out immediately before the race. Crank arm length is measured from the center of the wheel axle to the center of the pedal axle. Longer sizes may be used.
4. In all track racing events on regular unicycles, shoes must not be fixed to the pedals in any way (no click-in pedals, toe clips, tape, magnets or similar).

2B.1.3 Wheel Size Categories

1. Wheel sizes for track racing are 20 Class, 24 Class and 29 Class. Additional groups for 16 Class or other wheels can be added. When not otherwise specified, 24 Class is the maximum wheel size above age 10. For age groups with a maximum age of 10 or younger, the maximum wheel size is 20 Class (or smaller, if smaller sizes are also used).
2. The youngest age group for 24 Class wheels should have a minimum age of 0, so riders 10 and younger have the option of racing on 24 Class with those groups (e.g. 0-8 on 20 Class, 9-10 on 20 Class, 0-13 on 24 Class).
3. Unless otherwise specified, it is allowed to ride in any particular Class with a unicycle that fully conforms to a smaller Class (e.g. a 20 Class unicycle is allowed in a 24 Class race).

2B.6.7 Other Wheel Size Races

1. The host can choose to other additional track events based upon other wheel size requirements. Two examples include 700c racing and Unlimited. Exclusive of unicycle requirements, all other track racing rules apply.
1.1 In the 700c wheel category, unicycle wheels must be larger than 618mm in diameter, have a maximum bead seat diameter (BSD) of 622 mm, and there are no restrictions on crank length.
1.2 An unlimited race is one in which there are no unicycle size restrictions. Any size wheels, any length crank arms, giraffes or any types of unicycles (see definition in chapter 1D.1) are allowed.

2D.3 Communication

A Host is allowed to make helmets and/or knee pads mandatory for track races but it must be announced when registration is opened and must appear as an extra point to check for each discipline the competitor registers for.
If a large convention advertises events with the names of the ones detailed in this chapter, they must use the rules provided here. If hosts desire to do variations on these rules, the events must be labeled accordingly. Example: Track Coasting; Modified. In cases such as this, hosts must remember to provide detailed rules for these events at the same time the events are announced.

 

NEW Rules:

2B.1.2 Unicycles

1. Only regular unicycles may be used. Riders may use different unicycles for different track events, as long as all comply with the rules for events in which they are entered.
2. When not otherwise specified, 24 Class is the maximum Unicycle Class above age 10. For age groups with a maximum age of 10 or younger, the maximum Unicycle Class is 20 Class. It is allowed to ride in any particular Class with a unicycle that fully conforms to a smaller Class (e.g. a 20 Class unicycle is allowed in a 24 Class race).
3. The youngest age group for 24 Class wheels should have a minimum age of 0, so riders 10 and younger have the option of racing on 24 Class with those groups (e.g. 0-8 on 20 Class, 9-10 on 20 Class, 0-13 on 24 Class).
4. There is an allowable tire diameter range and minimum crank arm length for each Unicycle Class:

[Table] – only up to 24 Class!
Change: Diameter Range to "Outer Wheel Diameter"; delete "more than"

5. Any unicycles in question must be checked for compliance within their wheel class (wheel diameter, crank length and transmission), with the tire pressure that will be used in the race. Preferably, this check is carried out immediately before the race. Crank arm length is measured from the center of the wheel axle to the center of the pedal axle. Longer sizes may be used.
6. In all track racing events , shoes must not be fixed to the pedals in any way (no click-in pedals, toe clips, tape, magnets or similar).

2B.1.3 Wheel Size Categories - this subsection will be deleted as it is fully integrated into 2B.1.2

2B.6.8 Other Wheel Size Races - this subsection will be deleted as it is fully integrated into 2D.3

2D.3 Communication:

1. If a convention host advertises events for disciplines with the names of the ones detailed in this chapter, they must use the rules provided here. If hosts desire to do variations on these rules, for example by offering other unicycle classes or wheel sizes, the events must be labeled accordingly, i.e. "100m Unlimited" or "Track Coasting; Modified". The host can also offer events for additional disciplines. In both cases, the events for modified disciplines and the additional disciplines, they cannot be considered official IUF disciplines. In cases such as this, hosts must remember to provide detailed rules for these events at the same time the events are announced.
Note: Examples of modified discipline events would be Unlimited races, where races can be run on unicycles without any restrictions. An example of another wheel size category would be the 700c wheel category, where unicycle wheels must be greater than 618mm in diameter, have a maximum bead seat diameter (BSD) of 622 mm, and there are no restrictions on crank length.
2. A Host is allowed to make helmets and/or other safety equipment mandatory for the competition or individual disciplines but it must be announced when registration is opened and must appear as an extra point to check when the competitor registers.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 89

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new, orange is moved.
In the proposal everything of the new rule which is new/changed is italic.

References


Proposal 32: Revise 2B.9 New Attempt After Hindrance or Interference

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 27, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The IUF rules state that final races being subject to the same rules as age group races. However, there is a difference in the final races, because it is primarily about the direct comparison between the eight best riders. So repeating a final race for a single rider is a bit difficult and contrary to the actual purpose of a final race. On the other hand, it would also be unfair to generally not repeat a final race. All in all, it's an extremely difficult question for the referee whether to repeat a final race or not - our rules do not take sufficient account of this circumstance right now, what this proposal will change.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule: (as accepted with Proposal 3)

2B.1.7 New Attempt After Hindrance or Interference

1. If a rider is hindered due to the actions of another rider, or outside interference during a run, they may request to make a new attempt. The Referee decides if the request is granted. A new attempt must not be granted to a rider who is disqualied based on something that happened before they were hindered.
2. No complete denition of hindrance or interference can be given, but it does include cases where a rider swerves, hesitates and/or decelerates because this is arguably necessary in order to avoid a crash or potential crash.
If the request is granted, the rider will be given a new attempt in technical disciplines. In the case of a race, the Referee has two options:
Option 1: Re-run the whole heat in question.
In general, this option is preferred only if the heat includes the fastest riders within an age group. For the other riders in the heat, riding again is optional. If they decide to ride again, they agree to discard their previous result. If they don't ride again, their previous result stands. If none of the other riders want to ride again, the Referee reverts to option 2.2.
Option 2: Do any of (a), (b) or (c), depending on the conditions.
In general, this option is preferred if the heat in question did not include the fastest riders within an age group:
(a) If possible, the rider is added to an upcoming heat in his own age group; or
(b) If possible, the rider is added to an upcoming heat in another age group; or
(c) If none of the above is possible, the rider does his second attempt in a dedicated heat.
In option 2, the rider decides if he wants company or not. He can pick the riders, but cannot hold up the proceedings to wait for them if other riders are available. The Referee has the nal say as to which extra riders are allowed to participate in such a heat. It must be stated clearly to any accompanying riders that their result is not official.
3. In all cases, if the hindered rider is allowed to do a new attempt and decides to do so, the first run is canceled and only the second run counts regardless of the result. In the case where a new attempt was incorrectly granted, for example when the rider was disqualied based on something that happened before the hindrance in question occurred, the result of the new attempt for that rider does not count and the result from the first run stands.
4. In non-lane-bound races, if a rider is forced to dismount due to a fall by the rider immediately in front, it is considered part of the race  not a reason to grant a second attempt and all riders involved may remount and continue. The Referee can override this rule if intentional interference is observed.

 

New Rule: (If accepted, this nwe rule will replace the corresponding part of Proposal 3)

2B.1.7 New Attempt After Obstruction

1. If a rider is obstructed due to the actions of another rider, or outside interference during an attempt, they may request to make a new attempt. The Referee decides if the request is granted. A new attempt must not be granted to a rider who is disqualied based on something that happened before they were obstructed.
Note: No complete denition of obstruction can be given, but it does include cases where a rider swerves, hesitates and/or decelerates because this is arguably necessary in order to avoid a crash or potential crash.

2. If the request is granted, the rider will be given a new attempt in technical disciplines. In the case of racing diciplines, the Referee has two options acording to 2.1 and 2.2 for an age group race, in case of an final race, the Referee has the option 2.3.
2.1: Re-run the whole heat in question.
In general, this option is preferred only if the heat includes the fastest riders within an age group. For the other riders in the heat, riding again is optional. If they decide to ride again, they agree to discard their previous result. If they don't ride again, their previous result stands. If none of the other riders want to ride again, the Referee reverts to option 2.2.
2.2: Do any of (a), (b) or (c), depending on the conditions.
In general, this option is preferred if the heat in question did not include the fastest riders within an age group:
(a) If possible, the rider is added to an upcoming heat in his own age group; or
(b) If possible, the rider is added to an upcoming heat in another age group; or
(c) If none of the above is possible, the rider does his new attempt in a dedicated heat.
In option 2.2 (c), the rider decides whether or not to have company. They can pick the riders, but cannot hold up the proceedings to wait for them if other riders are available. The Referee has the final say as to which extra riders are allowed to participate in such a heat. It must be stated clearly to any accompanying riders that their result is not official.
2.3 Re-run the whole final.
In the case of a final race the entire final must be re-run. This means that the initial run will be fully cancelled and only the new run will count for all riders of the final. Since a re-run of the entire final is a serious decision, the referee may only grant a re-run if there is a cause so serious to the entire final that a re-run of the race is justified.

3. In all cases, if the obstructed rider is allowed to do a new attempt and decides to do so, the first one is canceled and only the new one counts regardless of the result. In the case where a new attempt was incorrectly granted, for example when the rider was disqualied based on something that happened before the obstruction in question occurred, the result of the new attempt for that rider does not count and the result from the first one stands.

4. In non-lane-bound races, if a rider is forced to dismount due to a fall by the rider immediately in front, it is considered part of the race not a reason to grant a new attempt and all riders involved may remount and continue. The Referee can override this rule if intentional obstruction is observed.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 81.

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.
In the proposal everything of the new rule which is new/changed is italic.

References


Proposal 11: Revise/Change 2B.7.2.3 Passing in Non-Lane Races to Passing

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The old rule was only intended to cover passing in non-lane bound races, the revised rule now covers passing in general and fixes some short commings. These include:

  • Defining what is considered overtaking
  • Consistent definition of safe distance for all wheel sizes using the lane width
  • Possibilities for the referee to disqualify riders in case of non-compliance

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.7.2.3 Passing in Non-Lane Races

1. In non-lane-bound races, an overtaking rider must pass on the outside, unless there is enough room to safely pass on the inside. Riders passing on the inside are responsible for any fouls that may take place as a result. Riders must maintain a minimum of one (24 Class) wheel diameter (618 mm as judged by eye) between each other when passing,and at all other times. This is measured from wheel to wheel, so that one rider passing another may come quite close, as long as their wheels remain at least 618 mm apart. The slower rider must maintain a reasonably straight course, and not interfere with the faster rider.
2. No physical contact between riders is allowed.

 

New Rule:

2B.7.2.3 Passing

1. In all races or sections of races:
    1.1 that are lane-bound, passing riders as well as riders being passed should strive to not extend any body part into the next lane to avoid any obstruction of the other rider.
    1.2 that are non-lane bound, riders must pass on the outside. The passing rider is responsible for maintaining a safe distance from the rider being passed, rider being passed must maintain a reasonably straight course and must not block or interfere with the passing rider. This applies from the beginning of the pass (this is the case when the wheels start to overlap, as seen from the side), until the passing rider is a safe distance in front of the rider being passed. A safe distance is half a lane width (610 mm as judged by eye; this distance is also approximately one 24 Class wheel diameter) from wheel to wheel. This means that one rider passing another may come quite close, as long as their wheels remain at least 610 mm apart.
If, in the judgement of the referee, a rider violates this rule and obstructs another rider, they (or in case of a relay competition, their team) shall be disqualified.

 

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 19

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 21: Restructuring of Section 2B.6 Racing Disciplines

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 06, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

With this proposal the section 2B.6 Racing Disciplines get structured in a way, that makes it clearer which of the Racing Rules apply to each discipline by using an identical wording. Therefore for each discipline it's explicitly stated to which extent it is a lane-bound or a non-lane bound race, and whether remounting is allowed after a dismount.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.6 Racing Disciplines

2B.6.1 100m Race

In the 100m race, riders must stay in their lane.

2B.6.2 200m Race

The 200m race is started with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. In the 200m race, riders must stay in their lane.

2B.6.3 400m Race

The 400m race is started with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. In the 400m race, riders must stay in their lane.

2B.6.4 800m Race

There are two different ways to run an 800m race, remounting after a dismount is allowed in both ways:

1. 800m Race with Stagger Start: Riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. The race shall be run in lanes as far as the nearer edge of the breakline where riders may leave their respective lanes. The breakline shall be an arced line marked after the first bend across all lanes other than lane 1.
To assist athletes identify the breakline, halved tennis balls can be placed on the lane lines immediately before the intersection of the lines and the breakline.
After the breakline, non-lane racing rules apply (see section 2B.7.5).

2. 800m with Waterfall Start: Riders are started at a curved starting line that places all riders an equal distance from the first turn. If a waterfall start is used, non-lane rules apply from the start.

2B.6.5 One Foot Race

The distance of the One Foot Race is 50m. Riders may pedal with both feet for the first 5 meters, but must be pedaling with only one foot after crossing the 5m line. The non-pedaling foot must have left the pedal when the tire contact point crosses the 5m line on the track. The non-pedaling foot may or may not be braced against the unicycle fork.

2B.6.6 Wheel Walk Race

Riders start mounted, with one or both feet on the tire, and propel the unicycle only by pushing the tire with one or both feet. No contact with pedals or crank arms is allowed. No crank arm restrictions. Riders in age groups with a maximum age of 10 or younger will race a 10m Wheel Walk. All other riders will race a 30m Wheel Walk.

2B.6.7 Relay (Track)

The relay distances shall be 4 x 100m or 4 x 400m like in athletics

In the 4 x 100m relay each takeover zone shall be 30m long, in the 4 x 400m relay each takeover zone shall be 20m. The takeover zones must be marked on the track. (The zones shall start and finish at the edges of the zone lines nearest the start line in the running direction.) In the 4 x 100m relay, riders are not permitted to line up outside their takeover zones, and shall start within the zone. In the 4 x 400m relay, there is no defined preparation area for the next riders as long as they stay within their lanes. Riders may remount if necessary, and must pick up the baton if it is dropped. The handover of the baton must be within the takeover zone. This means that before the baton crosses the start mark of the takeover zone only the incoming rider is in touch with the baton and at the end of the takeover zone only the outgoing rider is in touch with the baton. Riders may not throw the baton to make a pass and may not touch the ground with any part of their body while making a pass. If the baton is not handed over within the marked takeover zone, the team will be disqualified. Leaving of the lane within the takeover zone or when remounting does not result in disqualification as long as the riders do not obstruct, impede or interfere with another rider’s progress.

Mixed male/female teams may be used, and reasonable age groups may be used depending on the number of expected competitors of the event.
Each relay team may have any mix of ages, the age of the oldest rider determines the age group.

2B.6.8 Other Wheel Size Races

The host can choose to offer additional track events based upon other wheel size requirements. Two examples include 700c racing and Unlimited. Exclusive of unicycle requirements, all other track racing rules apply.

An unlimited race is one in which there are no unicycle size restrictions. Any size wheels, any length crank arms, giraffes or any types of unicycles (see definition in chapter \ref{chap:general_definitions}) are allowed.

In the 700c wheel category, unicycle wheels must be greater than 618mm in diameter, have a maximum bead seat diameter (BSD) of 622 mm, and there are no restrictions on crank length.

 

New Rule:

2B.6 Racing Disciplines

2B.6.1 100m Race

1. Lane-bound race over 100m, where riders are started in separate lanes but from a common start line. No remounting after a dismount is allowed.


2B.6.2 200m Race

1. Lane-bound race over 200m with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. No remounting after a dismount is allowed.


2B.6.2 400m Race

1. Lane-bound race over 400m with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. No remounting after a dismount is allowed.


2B.6.3 800m Race

1. There are two different ways to run the race over 800m, remounting after a dismount is allowed in both ways:
1.1 800m Race with Stagger Start:
Riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations. The race shall be run as lane-bound race as far as the nearer edge of the breakline where riders may leave their respective lanes. After the breakline, the race shall be run as non-lane-bound-race. The breakline shall be an arced line marked after the first bend across all lanes other than lane 1. To assist riders identify the breakline, halved tennis balls can be placed on the lane lines immediately before the intersection of the lines and the breakline.
1.2 800m with Waterfall Start:
Riders are started at a common but curved starting line that places all riders an equal distance from the first turn. The race shall be run as non-lane-bound-race from the start.


2B.6.4 One Foot Race

1. Lane-bound race over 50m, where riders may pedal with both feet for the first 5 meters, but must be pedaling with only one foot after crossing the 5m line. All riders start in separate lanes but from a common start line. No remounting after a dismount is allowed.
2. The non-pedaling foot must have left the pedal when the tire contact point crosses the 5m line on the track. The non-pedaling foot may or may not be braced against the unicycle fork.


2B.6.5 Wheel Walk Race

1. Lane-bound race, where riders propel the unicycle only by pushing the tire with one or both feet. Riders in age groups with a maximum age of 10 or younger will race a 10m Wheel Walk. All other riders will race a 30m Wheel Walk. Riders start in separate lanes but from a common start line, mounted, with one or both feet on the tire. No remounting after a dismount is allowed.
2. No contact with pedals or crank arms is allowed during the race.
3. No crank arm restrictions apply.


2B.6.6 Relay

1. The relay distances shall be 4 x 100m or 4 x 400m like in athletics. Remounting after a dismount is allowed in all relays.

2. In the 4 x 100m relay each takeover zone shall be 30m long, in the 4 x 400m relay each takeover zone shall be 20m. The takeover zones must be marked on the track. (The zones shall start and finish at the edges of the zone lines nearest the start line in the direction of riding.) In the 4 x 100m relay, riders are not permitted to line up outside their takeover zones, and shall start within the zone. In the 4 x 400m relay, there is no defined preparation area for the next riders as long as they stay within their lanes.

3. The handover of the baton must be within the takeover zone. This means that before the baton crosses the start mark of the takeover zone only the incoming rider is in touch with the baton and at the end of the takeover zone only the outgoing rider is in touch with the baton. Riders may not throw the baton to make a pass and may not touch the ground with any part of their body while making a pass. If the baton is not handed over within the marked takeover zone, the team will be disqualified. Leaving of the lane within the takeover zone or when remounting does not result in disqualification as long as the riders do not obstruct, impede or interfere with another rider's progress.

4. If the baton is dropped, riders must pick it up.

5. Mixed male/female teams may be used, and reasonable age groups may be used depending on the number of expected competitors of the event. Each relay team may have any mix of ages, the age of the oldest rider determines the age group.


2B.6.7 Other Wheel Size Races

1. The host can choose to offer additional track events based upon other wheel size requirements. Two examples include 700c racing and Unlimited. Exclusive of unicycle requirements, all other track racing rules apply.
1.1 In the 700c wheel category, unicycle wheels must be larger than 618mm in diameter, have a maximum bead seat diameter (BSD) of 622 mm, and there are no restrictions on crank length.
1.2 An unlimited race is one in which there are no unicycle size restrictions. Any size wheels, any length crank arms, giraffes or any types of unicycles (see definition in chapter 1D.1) are allowed.

 

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 69

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 15: 2B.8.1 IUF-Slalom - changing the max. cone dimensions

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The European standard for traffic cones allows cones to have a baseplate with a maximum of 31.8 cm x 31.8 cm, therefore the maximum cone base plate dimension should be enlarged to 32 cm x 32 cm.

Proposal

Old Rule:

2B.8.1 IUF Slalom

[...]
For official competition, cones must be between 45 and 60 cm tall, with bases no more than 30 cm square.
[...]

 

New Rule:

2B.8.1 IUF Slalom

[...]
The cones used are plastic or similar material traffic cones. Cones must be between 45 and 60 cm tall and the base plate must fit in a square with side length 32 cm.
Note: The cones should be stable enough to stay put even in a stiff wind.
[...]

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 15

References


Proposal 14: Revise 2C.1.4 Finish Line Judge

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

Section 2C.1.4 paragraph 3 does not actually describe a task of the Finish Line Judge. Instead, it describes much more how to deal with dismounts on the finish line. It would therefore be more logical if the paragraph were assigned to rule 2B.7.3 The Finish.

Also, the phrase "These offcials must be appointed by the racing referee so they fully understand their crucial job." applies to all the judges mentioned in section 2C, so it doesn't make sense to explicitly mention it in the description of the Finish Line Judge.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2C.1.4 Finish Line Judge

1. The Finish Line Judge determines whether riders cross the finish line properly, according to the rules.
2. One or more offcials are required at the finish line to judge dismounts in all races where dismounting is allowed. These offcials must be appointed by the racing referee so they fully understand their crucial job. The finish line judges are the voice of authority on whether riders must remount and cross the finish line again. Any riders affected must be clearly and immediately signaled to return to a spot before the finish line, remount without overlapping the finish line, then ride across it again. The path for backing up may involve going around any finish line timing or optical equipment to prevent data problems for other riders in the race.
3. When a rider dismounts while crossing the finish line and has to back up, remount and cross the finish properly, it may happen that the first (illegal) finish is timed, and that this prevents the timing system from recording the time of the actual (proper) finish. (This may happen with a light beam finish timing system, or one based on chip timing. It will usually not happen with a modern slit camera system.)
If possible, the proper finish time must be reconstructed or estimated from whatever data is available, such as legitimate finish times of other riders in relation to the rider in question, video, photographs, or a "manual" reading from a running time display.
If it is in no way possible to assess an actual finish time, the rider's time will be recorded as 0.01 seconds faster than the next rider to cross the line after their remount and crossing. In this way, the heat finish order is preserved. If the rider in question is the last one on the track, the time recorded should be the best possible estimate of their actual time crossing the finish line after their remount.

2B.7.3 The Finish

1. The finish moment is when the front of the tire crosses the finish. The exact location of the finish is the edge of the finish line that is nearest to the starting line. Riders are thus not timed by outstretched bodies.
2. At the finish moment, riders must be mounted and in control of the unicycle. "Control" is defined as follows:
(a) in regular races: the rider has both feet on the pedals; or
(b) in one-foot races: the rider has one foot on a pedal; or
(c) in wheel walk races: the rider continues to wheel walk.
3. In races where dismounting is allowed (800m, Relay, etc.), in the event that a rider does cross the finish line but not in control, the rider must back up on foot, remount and ride across the finish line in control. In races where dismounting is not allowed, the rider is disqualied.

 

New Rule:

2C.1.4 Finish Line Judge

1. The Finish Line Judge determines whether riders cross the finish line properly, according to the rules.
2. In all races in which remounting after a dismount is allowed, one or more Finish Line Judges are required at the finish line to judge dismounts. The Finish Line Judges are the voice of authority on whether riders must remount and cross the finish line again. Any riders affected must be clearly and immediately signaled to return to a spot before the finish line, remount without overlapping the finish line, then ride across it again. The path for backing up must be made clear by the Finish Line Judge and may involve going around any finish line timing or optical equipment to prevent data problems for other riders in the race.
3. The Finish Line Judge can be assigned the task by the referee to document the running-in order. At least two Finish Line Judges should be assigned for this purpose if necessary.

2B.7.3 The Finish

1. The finish moment is when the front of the tire crosses the finish. The exact location of the finish is the edge of the finish line that is nearest to the starting line. Riders are thus not timed by outstretched bodies.
2. At the finish moment, riders must be mounted and in control of the unicycle. "Control" is defined as follows:
(a) in regular races: the rider has both feet on the pedals; or
(b) in one-foot races: the rider has one foot on a pedal; or
(c) in wheel walk races: the rider continues to wheel walk.
3. In races in which remounting after a dismount is allowed (800m, Relay, etc.), in the event that a rider does cross the finish line but not in control, the rider must back up on foot, remount and ride across the finish line in control.
4. When a rider dismounts while crossing the finish line and has to back up, remount and cross the finish properly, it may happen that the first (illegal) finish is timed, and that this prevents the timing system from recording the time of the actual (proper) finish. (This may happen with a light beam finish timing system, or one based on chip timing. It will usually not happen with a modern slit camera system.)
If possible, the proper finish time must be reconstructed or estimated from whatever data is available, such as legitimate finish times of other riders in relation to the rider in question, video, photographs, or a "manual" reading from a running time display.
If it is in no way possible to assess an actual finish time, the rider's time will be recorded as 0.01 seconds faster than the next rider to cross the line after their remount and crossing. In this way, the heat finish order is preserved. If the rider in question is the last one on the track, the time recorded should be the best possible estimate of their actual time crossing the finish line after their remount.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 56

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, orange (and crossed out) means this part is moved and blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 13: Revise 2C.1.3 Starter

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on August 08, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

Currently, the rules for the starter specify the task of explaining race rules, but this should not be a general task of the starter to explain the rules because it has the potential to hold off the procedure at a competition and it should be the responsibility of the competitor to inform himself about the rules before the race starts.

A new paragraph 4 has been added for another important aspect: Ensure that the starter also has all riders in view.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

Note: Paragraph 2 corresponds to Proposal 8 in both versions; if this is not accepted, the old wording will be kept. The subject of this proposal is only paragraph 4!

 

Old Rule:

2C.1.3 Starter

1. The Starter starts races and calls riders back in the event of false starts. The Responsibilities follow from the text in 2B.7.2, Starting and 2B.7.3, False Starts.
2. If a verbal (spoken) count is used, the time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and should be approximately 1 second. Starters should practice this before the races begin. Timing of the count is very important for an accurate start. This count are to be given in English at Unicon or international competitions. At other competitions, English is optional.
3. The Starter checks riders for correct unicycles and safety equipment and will remove from the starting line-up any riders not properly equipped to race, including riders with dangerously loose shoelaces.
4. The starter explains race rules.

 

New Rule:

2C.1.3 Starter

1. The Starter starts races and calls riders back in the event of false starts. The Responsibilities follow from the text in 2B.7.2, Starting and 2B.7.3, False Starts.
2. If a verbal (spoken) count is used, the time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and should be approximately 1 second. Starters should practice this before the races begin. Timing of the count is very important for an accurate start. This count is to be given in English at Unicon or international competitions. At other competitions, English is optional.
3. The Starter checks riders for correct unicycles and safety equipment and will remove from the starting line-up any riders not properly equipped to race, including riders with dangerously loose shoelaces.
4. The starter has to take a position for the start from which he has an unobstructed view of the riders and the start command and signal can be easily perceived by the riders.

 

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 57

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 19: Adding another official - 2C.1.4 Timekeeper

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 01, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

Currently there is no official for timekeeping in the rulebook, but since this position is always needed in track races, we should add it to the rulebook.

Proposal

Proposal for the new rule:

2C.1.4 Timekeeper

1. The Timekeeper shall be responsible for the conformity to the rules and the functioning of the timing system.
2. If a fully automatic timing and photo finish system is used, before the start of an event the Timekeeper shall perform a zero control test to ensure that the system is started automatically by the starter's signal within the limit identified in rule 2D.9 (i.e. equal to or less than 0.001 second).
3. The Timekeeper supervises the timing system and if a fully automatic timing and photo finish system is used, makes sure that the camera is correctly aligned.
4. The Timekeeper (in conjunction with an adequate number of assistants) shall determine the official times of the riders. The timekeeper shall ensure that these results are correctly entered in or transferred to the competition results system.

Body

See discussion 67

References


Proposal 26: Revise 2B.8.2 Track Coasting

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 06, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The Coasting rules only give a very unspecific information regarding the competition venue. However, in order to make the results of coasting comparable, especially with regard to world records, this should be revised.

Note: If Proposal 24: Restructure section 2B.8 Technical Disciplines is accepted, then this proposal will change paragraph 5 accordingly, leaving the other paragraphs unaffected.

Proposal

Old Rule:

2B.8.2 Track Coasting

[...]
The event should be held on a track or other very level, smooth surface that is as clean as possible. The track may be straight or curved.
[...]

 

New Rule:

[...]
The competition shall be held on a standard athletics competition track with the surface as clean as possible. The speed-up distance shall begin with the straight, thus allowing the riders to first coast as far as possible on the straight before entering the bend. The inside shall be on the left in the direction of coasting.
[...]

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 78

References


Proposal 25: Revise 2B.6.6 Relay (Track)

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 01, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The current rule 2B.6.6 Relay (Track) has several shortcomming - i.e. it becomes not clear from the current rule how the 4x400m relay is to be held at all. Furthermore, there is no information at all in the current rule about the nature of the baton and also the information about dropping a baton and picking it up again is very incomplete. All these aspects are taken into account in the proposal.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2B.6.6 Relay (Track)

The relay distances shall be 4 x 100m or 4 x 400m like in athletics.

In the 4 x 100m relay each takeover zone shall be 30m long, in the 4 x 400m relay each takeover zone shall be 20m. The takeover zones must be marked on the track. (The zones shall start and finish at the edges of the zone lines nearest the start line in the running direction.) In the 4 x 100m relay, riders are not permitted to line up outside their takeover zones, and shall start within the zone. In the 4 x 400m relay, there is no defined preparation area for the next riders as long as they stay within their lanes. Riders may remount if necessary, and must pick up the baton if it is dropped. The handover of the baton must be within the takeover zone. This means that before the baton crosses the start mark of the takeover zone only the incoming rider is in touch with the baton and at
the end of the takeover zone only the outgoing rider is in touch with the baton. Riders may not throw the baton to make a pass and may not touch the ground with any part of their body while making a pass. If the baton is not handed over within the marked takeover zone, the team will be disqualified. Leaving of the lane within the takeover zone or when remounting does not result in disqualification as long as the riders do not obstruct, impede or interfere with another rider's progress.

Mixed male/female teams may be used, and reasonable age groups may be used depending on the number of expected competitors of the event. Each relay team may have any mix of ages, the age of the oldest rider determines the age group.

 

New Rule:

2B.6.6 Relay (Track)

1. The standard relay distances shall be 4 x 100 m and 4 x 400 m like in athletics. Remounting after a dismount is allowed in all relays.
    1.1 The 4 x 100 m relay is a lane-bound race for all legs. The race is started with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations.
    1.2 The 4 x 400 m relay is a lane-bound race for the entire first leg. The second leg shall be run as lane-bound race as far as the nearer edge of the breakline where riders may leave their respective lanes. After the breakline, the race shall be run as non-lane-bound-race. The race is started with a stagger start, where riders are started in separate lanes, at separate locations.

2. In the 4 x 100m relay each takeover zone shall be 30m long, in the 4 x 400m relay each takeover zone shall be 20m. The takeover zones shall be marked on the track. (The zones shall start and finish at the edges of the zone lines nearest the start line in the direction of riding.)
    2.1 In the 4 x 100m relay, riders are not permitted to line up outside their takeover zones, and shall start within the zone.
    2.2 In the 4 x 400m relay, there is no defined preparation area for the next riders. The riders of the second leg shall line up in the lane assigned to their relay team at the start. The riders of the third and fourth legs shall, under the direction of a designated judge, place themselves in their waiting position in the same order (inside to out) as the order of their respective team members as they enter the last bend. Once the incoming riders have passed this point, the waiting riders shall maintain this order and may not change their positions. Waiting riders can take an inner position on the track as incoming team members approach, provided they do not obstruct another rider.
If a rider does not follow this rule, their team shall be disqualified.

3. A baton shall be used for all relays and shall be held by hand throughout the race. The baton shall be a smooth hollow tube with a circular cross-section, made of wood, metal or other rigid material in one piece. It shall be no longer than 0.30m and no shorter than 0.28m. The outer diameter shall be 40 mm (± 2 mm) and the weight shall not be less than 50 g. For relays in age groups with a maximum age of 10 or younger the outer diameter of the baton may be smaller but shall not be less than 31 mm. It is recommended that the batons have different colors that are clearly visible during the race.

4. If the baton is dropped, it shall be picked up by the rider who dropped it. To retrieve it, they may leave their lane, as long as they do not obstruct another rider. The rider shall continue the race from the point where the baton was last in their hand. If a rider does not follow this rule, their team shall be disqualified.

5. The handover of the baton must be within the takeover zone. This means that before the baton crosses the start mark of the takeover zone only the incoming rider is in touch with the baton and at the end of the takeover zone only the outgoing rider is in touch with the baton. Riders may not throw the baton to make a pass and may not touch the ground with any part of their body while making a pass. If the baton is not handed over within the marked takeover zone, the team shall be disqualified.

6. Each member of a relay team may ride one leg only.

7. Mixed male/female teams may be used, and reasonable age groups may be used depending on the number of expected competitors of the event. Each relay team may have any mix of ages, the age of the oldest rider determines the age group.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 77

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 22: Additions to 2D.9 Timing, Photo Finish and False Start Monitoring

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 01, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

In the World Record Committee some aspects concerning timing were discussed, where it would be more useful to add them in the Rulebook than in the World Record Guidelines, which would be achieved by this proposal.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2D.9 Timing, Photo Finish and False Start Monitoring

A Fully Automatic Timing and Photo Finish System must be used for the track races at Unicon and is strongly recommended for track races at all other competitions. The system must have been tested, and have a certificate of accuracy issued within 4 years of the competition, including the following:
1. The System must record the finish through a camera positioned in the extension of the finish line, producing a composite photo finish image of at least 100 images per second, ideally 1000 images per second. The image must be synchronized with a uniformly marked time-scale graduated in 0.01 seconds.
2. The System shall be started automatically by the Starters signal, so that the overall delay between the start signal and the start of the timing system is constant and equal to or less than 0.001 second.

For the track races at Unicon a false start monitoring system, which is able to reliably detect a crossing of the start line before the start signal, must be used and is strongly recommended for track races at all other competitions.

 

New Rule:

2D.9 Timing, Photo Finish and False Start Monitoring

1. A Fully Automatic Timing and Photo Finish System must be used for the track races at Unicon and is strongly recommended for track races at all other competitions. The system must have been tested, and have a certificate of accuracy issued within 4 years of the competition, including the following:
1.1 The System must record the finish through a camera positioned in the extension of the finish line, producing a composite photo finish image of at least 100 images per second, ideally 1000 images per second. The image must be synchronized with a uniformly marked time-scale graduated in 0.01 seconds.
1.2 The System shall be started automatically by the Starters signal, so that the overall delay between the start signal and the start of the timing system is constant and equal to or less than 0.001 second.
Note: A system that works not automatically at start and finish will not produce fully automatically measured times and therefore does not comply with this requirements.

2. The placing and times of the riders shall be read from the Photo Finish image by means of a cursor with its reading line guaranteed to be perpendicular to the time scale.
Note: In order to confirm that the camera is correctly aligned and to facilitate the reading of the Photo Finish image, the intersection of the lane lines and the finish line shall be coloured black in a suitable design. Any such design must be solely confined to the intersection, for no more than 20mm beyond, and not extended before, the leading edge of the finish line. Similar black marks may be placed on each side of the intersection of an appropriate lane line and the finish line to further facilitate reading.

3. The system must automatically determine and record the riders finish times and must be able to produce a printed image (in physical form or into a file) showing the time of each rider. Additionally, the system shall provide a tabular overview showing the time or other result for each rider. Subsequent changes of automatically determined values and manual input of values (like start time, finish time), shall be indicated by the system automatically in the time scale of the printed image and the tabular overview.

4. For the track races at Unicon a false start monitoring system, which is able to reliably detect a crossing of the start line before the start signal, must be used and is strongly recommended for track races at all other competitions.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 68

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 23: Restructure the general rules in 2B

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 01, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The structure of section 2B would be more logical if all the rules that apply to both track racing and technical disciplines were combined into one common subsection 2B.1 General Track Rules, which is the content of this proposal.

This proposal does not contain any changes in content - all changes refer to the structure only!

Proposal

New Stucture:

 

2B.1 General Track Rules

2B.1.1 Safety

1. Riders must wear shoes, knee pads and gloves (definitions in chapter ??).
2. Helmets are required for Downhill Gliding. Riders on wheels larger than 24 Class (or with gearing) must also wear helmets.


2B.1.2 Unicycles

1. Only regular unicycles may be used. Riders may use different unicycles for different racing events, as long as all comply with the rules for events in which they are entered.
2. For events divided by wheel size, there is a allowable tire diameter range and minimum crank arm length for each Unicycle Class:

[Table]

3. Any unicycles in question must be checked for compliance within their wheel class (wheel diameter, crank length and transmission), with the tire pressure that will be used in the race. Preferably, this check is carried out immediately before the race. Crank arm length is measured from the center of the wheel axle to the center of the pedal axle. Longer sizes may be used.
4. In all track racing events on regular unicycles, shoes must not be fixed to the pedals in any way (no click-in pedals, toe clips, tape, magnets or similar).


2B.1.3 Wheel Size Categories

1. Wheel sizes for track racing are 20 Class, 24 Class and 29 Class. Additional groups for 16 Class or other wheels can be added. When not otherwise specified, 24 Class is the maximum wheel size above age 10. For age groups with a maximum age of 10 or younger, the maximum wheel size is 20 Class (or smaller, if smaller sizes are also used).
2. The youngest age group for 24 Class wheels should have a minimum age of 0, so riders 10 and younger have the option of racing on 24 Class with those groups (e.g. 0-8 on 20 Class, 9-10 on 20 Class, 0-13 on 24 Class).
3. Unless otherwise specified, it is allowed to ride in any particular Class with a unicycle that fully conforms to a smaller Class (e.g. a 20 Class unicycle is allowed in a 24 Class race).


2B.1.4 Rider Identification

1. Riders must wear their race number clearly visible on their chest so that it is visible during the event and as the rider crosses the finish line (as relevant).
2. Additionally, the rider may be required to wear a chip for electronic timing.

2B.1.5 Riders Must Be Ready

(As accepted in proposal 3)

2B.1.6 Protests

1. Protests must be filed on an official form. Mistakes in paperwork, inaccuracies in placing, and interference from other riders or other sources are all grounds for protests. All Referee decisions are final, and cannot be protested.
2. For a large event such as Unicon or continental championships, the default protest time is 60 minutes (counting from the posting of results), the minimum is 30 minutes. For smaller events, the default protest time is 30 minutes, the minimum is 15 minutes. Every deviation from the default protest time has to be clearly announced when the results are posted, including stating the protest deadline on the results list itself. The protest time may be extended for riders who have to be in other races during the protest period.
3. All protests will be acknowledged within 30 minutes from the time they are received, and an effort will be made to settle the issue within those 30 minutes.


2B.1.7 New Attempt After Hindrance or Interference

(As accepted in proposal 3)


2B.1.8 Finals

(As accepted in proposal 3)

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 76

References


Proposal 24: Restructure section 2B.8 Technical Disciplines

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 01, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

In order to have a consistent structure throughout Section 2B, Section 2B.8 Technical Disciplines should also be structured accordingly, which is provided for with this proposal. Mainly it is about a clearer division of individual aspects of the rules into individual paragraphs.

The structure is as close as possible to the racing disciplines: The first paragraph is a short general explanation of the discipline, together with the information that no remounting after a dismount is allowed and how many attempts each rider has. This is followed by the paragraphs on differing unicycle restrictions and safety equipment. Afterwards, more details of the discipline follow.

In addition, the opening sentence of 2B.8 is deleted, because due to the restructuring of the rules, the rules relevant for the track races and the technical disciplines are no longer to be found under the section "Racing Rules". So from the structure of the rules it is now clear which rules apply across the disciplines even without the opening sentence.

If the proposals concerning changes to individual disciplines are accepted, they will of course overwrite the "old" rules provided herein, since this proposal is primarily concerned with the structure and not with changes to the content of individual disciplines.
The only addition to the contents was made in Rule 2B.8.4 Downhill Gliding with paragraph 4, because up to now there was no paragraph on timing.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

New Rule:

2B.8 Technical Disciplines

2B.8.1 IUF Slalom

1. Pictured here is the IUF Slalom, in which you must ride around 10 cones in the correct pattern. No remounting after a dismount is allowed. Riders get two attempts.
2. The rider has to start directly behind the Start line. The Starter gives the opening, and then the rider has to start during the next 3 seconds. The timer is started when any defined point of the tire (for example the part that crosses a low light beam) crosses the start line, and stops when a similar point of the tire crosses the finish line. If the rider has not yet started after 3 seconds, the timer will start counting anyway. The rider is not disqualified for this. Time measurement at start and finish line must be identical to insure accurate time measurement. It must be secured that riders do not gain momentum before crossing the start line (no flying starts).
3. Cones may be hit, but not knocked over. The course must be followed correctly, including the direction of turns. Arrows marked on the ground should indicate the direction of the turns for riders unfamiliar with the course. The last cone must be completely circled before the rider’s time is taken at the finish line. Riders who go the wrong way around a cone can go back and make the turn the correct way with the clock still running.
4. The cones used are plastic or similar material traffic cones. Cones must be between 45 and 60 cm tall and the base plate must fit in a square with side length 32 cm.
Note: The cones should be stable enough to stay put even in a stiff wind.
5. The course must be set up accurately. The proper positions of the cones should be marked on the ground for a cone to be replaced quickly after it has been knocked over.


2B.8.2 Track Coasting

1. An event to determine which rider coasts the furthest distance. No remounting after a dismount is allowed. Riders get two attempts.
2. Crank arm rules do not apply.
3. There is a 30 meter speed-up distance. Riders’ coasting distances are measured from a ‘starting line’ with a 5 meter minimum, which will be marked by a ‘qualifying line.’ The distance is measured to the rearmost part of the rider that touches the ground when dismounting, or to the tire contact point where the rider stops coasting. The farthest distance from the ‘starting line’ wins.
4. If the rider does not cross the qualifying line it will count as an invalid attempt. If a rider crosses the coasting line (tire contact point) not in coasting position, it will count as an invalid attempt.
5. The event should be held on a track or other very level, smooth surface that is as clean as possible. The track may be straight or curved.
6. Ample time must be allowed for all riders to make some practice runs on the course before the official start.
7. Wind must be at a minimum for records to be set and broken.


2B.8.3 Track Gliding

1. An event to determine which rider glides the furthest distance. In Gliding, the balance has to be kept all the time by the braking action between one or both feet and the top of the tire. If, for example, the foot loses contact with the tire due to small bumps, the contact must be restored immediately. No remounting after a dismount is allowed. Riders get two attempts.
2. It is held on a track with the same rules as Track Coasting paragraphs 2. to 9. (2B.8.2), with the addition that the riding surface must be dry.


2B.8.4 Downhill Gliding

1. A downhill race in gliding for speed. In Gliding, the balance has to be kept all the time by the braking action between one or both feet and the top of the tire. If, for example, the foot loses contact with the tire due to small bumps, the contact must be restored immediately. Riders start from a standstill, or speed up to the ‘starting line’ and are timed over a measured distance to the finish line. No remounting after a dismount is allowed. Riders get two attempts.
2. Crank arm rules do not apply.
3. Helmets are mandatory.
4. The timer is started when any defined point of the tire (for example the part that crosses a low light beam) crosses the start line, and stops when a similar point of the tire crosses the finish line.
5. In case of a dismount before the finish line, it will count as an invalid attempt.


2B.8.5 Slow Balance Forward

1. In Slow Balance Forward, the rider rides a distance of 10 meters in a continuous forward motion as slowly as possible without stopping, going backward, hopping or twisting more than 45 degrees to either side. Any age group with riders of 11 years or older must use a board of 15 cm wide. Any age group with no riders of 11 years or older must use a board of 30 cm wide at Unicon; in other conventions the host may choose to use either a 15 cm wide board or a 30 cm wide board for this age group. Tires may overlap the edges of the board, but if the tire contacts the ground next to the board, that would be the end of that attempt.
2. There are no crank arm length or wheel size restrictions for this event.
3. The only required safety gear is shoes.

2B.8.5.1 Timing
1. The position of the unicycle during Slow Balance is defined by the tire contact point.
2. In Slow Balance, the rider starts behind the starting line. On command by the starter, the rider has 10 seconds to start forward motion and let go off the starting post. The timer starts recording time when the tire contact point crosses the starting line. At this moment, the rider may not be in contact with the starting post anymore. Timers must watch the hands and the feet/wheel at the same time at that moment. The time stops when the tire contact point crosses the finish line.

2B.8.5.2 Optional Penalty Rules
1. At any bigger conventions where there is a large pool of judges (such as Unicon) it is recommended that the host uses a system wherein the judges may give penalties to riders who seem to make “micro-errors” or if the judges are in doubt whether an error was made. Examples of micro-errors are twisting about 46 or 48 degrees, or vibrations of the wheel. Each penalty subtracts one second from the ridden time. Using these penalty rules is especially discouraged for possible errors for which a reliable objective detection system is being used.
2. Riders are still disqualified for clear errors, such as riding off the board, dismounting or twisting 90 degrees.

2B.8.5.3 Age Group and Final Rounds
1. Age Group and Final rounds are always required.
2. Age Group Round:
2.1 All riders must participate in the Age Groups. Riders get two attempts.
2.2 The best 8 female and the best 8 male riders qualify for the finals.
2.3 For Unicon a minimum of 20 seconds is required to achieve a valid result. For any age group with no riders of 11 years or older the minimum time is 15 seconds. Riders who don’t reach this threshold are automatically disqualified. If your net time after penalties brings you below the minimum time, you are also disqualified. For other competitions than Unicon, the host may adjust the threshold to a lower time or have no threshold at all.
3. Final Round:
3.1 The Judging team for the Finals must consist of a single group of people that watch every rider, or (insofar available) an accurate and reliable technical means to check adherence to the rules.
3.2 Riders get two attempts.
3.3 The champion is the rider who performs the best result in the final round.


2B.8.6 Slow Balance Backward

1. This is the same as Slow Balance Backward, with the following differences in italic:
1.1 Riders ride backward.
1.2 It is an error to ride forward.
1.3 Any age group with riders of 11 years or older must use a board of 30 cm wide. Any age group with no riders of 11 years or older must use a board of 60 cm wide at Unicon; in other conventions the host may choose to use either a 30 cm wide board or a 60 cm wide board for this age group.
1.4 For Unicon a minimum of 15 seconds is required to achieve a valid result. For any age group with no riders of 11 years or older the minimum time is 10 seconds.


2B.8.7 Stillstand

1. Stillstand is a competition in which the rider attempts to balance as long as possible on a 25 cm long, 10 cm wide, and 3 cm tall block of wood without hopping or turning the tire more than 45 degrees. Riders get two attempts.
2. The competition should take place indoors on a level surface.
3. The only required safety gear is shoes.
4. The 2 attempts can be done at any time during the time window set by the host. The host can decide to add to each of the 2 attempts a window up to 20 seconds, in which the rider can start the number of tries needed.
5. The starting post is placed anywhere the rider prefers. Time starts running when the rider lets go of the starting post. After time starts running, the starting post will be taken away. Time stops at the moment when the rider rides off the board, dismounts, starts hopping or turns the tire more than 45 degrees.
6. There are no finals for the Stillstand competition. The overall results will be determined by the best results for males and females respectively.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 79

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 20: Additions to section 2D.1 Venue

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 01, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

The current rule 2D.1 does not make sufficient specifications for the track to be able to ensure sufficient comparability of achieved results with this rule alone and is therefore especially insufficient to describe suitable conditions for records. Since it should be ensured, especially for Unicons, that achieved performances are also recognized as records, corresponding specifications for a track should be found in the Rulebook and not only exclusively in the World Record Guidelines. Currently, however, the Rulebook does not contain, for example, any statement about the accuracy of the track length or the surface condition, which is of extreme importance for the recognition of records, what would be changed with this proposal.

Proposal

Revision of the Rule: (As PDF Version with changes highlighted)

 

Old Rule:

2D.1 Venue

A track must be made available for conducting the track races. The track must be marked in meters, and should be prepared in advance with start and finish lines for the various racing events that are unique to unicycle racing (such as 50, 30, 10 and 5 meter lines). In addition to the track, a smooth area of sufficient size must be set aside to run the IUF Slalom. A public address system must be provided to announce upcoming events and race winners. Bullhorns are usually not adequate for the track environment.
If the track is outdoors, plans must be made to deal with inclement weather. Using an indoor track can eliminate this problem. The track must be available for enough days to allow for inclement weather.

 

New Rule:

2D.1 Venue

1. All Track Racing Disciplines, as well as Track Coasting and Track Gliding, shall be held on a standard athletics competition track. Exceptions are the 50m One Foot and the 30m Wheel Walk, which can also be held at an indoor athletics venue. The IUF Slalom shall be held on a surface that has the same characteristics as an athletics standard competition track and therefore complies with paragraph 2.1. If the requirements cannot be fulfilled, the disciplines cannot be offered as official IUF Track Disciplines and this has to be announced accordingly before the competition.
Note: If the track is outdoors, plans must be made to deal with inclement weather. Using an indoor track can eliminate this problem. The track must be available for enough days to allow for inclement weather.

2. Every track and field competition venue approved for athletics by a national athletics organization or higher is approved for official unicycle competitions.
The essential criteria that such a venue shall comply with are the following:
2.1 Any firm, uniform surface that complies with the specifications for syntetic surfaces for athletic competition venues is permitted.
2.2 The nominal length of a standard competition track is 400m, it shall be not shorter than 400.00 m and not longer than 400.04 m. It shall consist of two parallel straights and two bends whose radii shall be equal. The inside of the track shall be bordered by a kerb of suitable material that should be coloured white, with a height of 50mm to 65mm and a width of 50mm to 250mm. The kerb on the two straights may be omitted and a white line 50mm wide substituted.
2.3 The measurement shall be taken 0.30m outward from the kerb or, where no kerb exists on a bend, 0.20m from the line marking the inside of the track.
2.4 The distance of the race shall be measured from the edge of the start line farther from the finish to the edge of the finish line nearer to the start.
2.5 In all races up to and including 400m, each rider shall have a separate lane, with a width of 1.22m ± 0.01m, including the lane line on the right, marked by white lines 50mm in width. All lanes shall be of the same nominal width. The inner lane shall be measured as stated in pragraph 2.4, but the remaining lanes shall be measured 0.20m from the outer edges of the lines.

3. The track shall be prepared with start and finish lines for the various racing events that are unique to unicycle racing (such as 50, 30, 10 and 5 meter lines).

4. For races that include at least one turn, the inside lane shall be on the left in the direction of the race. The individual lanes shall be numbered, starting with the lefthand lane as No. 1.

5. A public address system shall be provided to announce upcoming events and race winners. Bullhorns are usually not adequate for the track environment.

 

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 74

In the linked PDF version hopefully all changes are highlighted: red and crossed out means this part is omitted, blue and italic is new.

References


Proposal 17: Riders to clearly signal to stop clock in battles

Committee: Flatland

Vote Summary:

Passed on September 05, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

4 out of 7 voting members have voted.

Agree: 4, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

To accurately switch the countdown timers between riders in flatland battles, clear signaling of the riders is useful to avoid confusion about whether a rider has finished their line or not. The proposed change to the rulebook has been successfully tested at previous flatland competitions (e.g. UNICON in Grenoble, EUC Summer in Marchtrenk). 

Proposal

Old rule:

9B.6.3.1 Timed Battle
Each battle will last two minutes, except for the final four battles. These semifinal and final battles will last two to four minutes as agreed upon by both battling riders. If they disagree, these battles will default to three minutes in length. The rider with better ranking from the preliminary round chooses which rider starts the battle. There are two countdown timers, one for each rider (each with half the battle duration). The corresponding rider's timer will be started and stopped when they start and stop riding. Any tricks completed after the rider's time has elapsed will not be counted. If the rider is in a combo when the time ends, they are not allowed to start another trick and extend the combo, they must end their combo with their current trick. After one rider's time
runs out, the other rider will ride for their remaining time. Once the time is up for both riders, the riders go from timed battle to last trick.

New rule: 

9B.6.3.1 Timed Battle
Each battle will last two minutes, except for the final four battles. These semifinal and final battles will last two to four minutes as agreed upon by both battling riders. If they disagree, these battles will default to three minutes in length. The rider with better ranking from the preliminary round chooses which rider starts the battle. There are two countdown timers, one for each rider (each with half the battle duration). The corresponding rider's timer will be started when they start riding and stopped when they signal the end of their line by clearly raising their hand over the top of their head. This is also the signal for the other rider to start their next line. Any tricks completed after the rider's time has elapsed will not be counted. If the rider is in a combo when the time ends, they are not allowed to start another trick and extend the combo, they must end their combo with their current trick. After one rider's time runs out, the other rider will ride for their remaining time. Once the time is up for both
riders, the riders go from timed battle to last trick.

Body

The proposed changes to the rulebook make it easier to accurately determine when a rider has finished their line and ensures that no time is lost in battles due to misunderstandings between riders and timekeeper. 

References


Proposal 41: Collection of editorial and smaler changes

Committee: Track

Vote Summary:

Passed on December 10, 2023

Votes on this proposal:

3 out of 5 voting members have voted.

Agree: 3, Disagree: 0, Abstain: 0.

Background

This proposal summarizes numerous minor changes, mainly for consistency of rules and wording.

Proposal

2B.1.2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
Old:
3. The youngest age group for 24 Class wheels should have a minimum age of 0, so riders 10 and younger have the option of racing on 24 Class with those groups (e.g. 0-8 on 20 Class, 9-10 on 20 Class, 0-13 on 24 Class).
4. There is an allowable tire diameter range and minimum crank arm length for each Unicycle Class:
5. Any unicycles in question must be checked for compliance within their wheel class (wheel diameter, crank length and transmission), with the tire pressure that will be used in the race. Preferably, this check is carried out immediately before the race. Crank arm length is measured from the center of the wheel axle to the center of the pedal axle. Longer sizes may be used.
6. In all track racing events on regular unicycles, shoes must not be fixed to the pedals in any way (no click-in pedals, toe clips, tape, magnets or similar).
New:
3. The youngest age group for 24 Class unicycles should have a minimum age of 0, so riders 10 and younger have the option of racing on 24 Class unicycles with those groups (e.g. 0-8 on 20 Class, 9-10 on 20 Class, 0-13 on 24 Class).
4. There is an allowable outer wheel diameter and minimum crank arm length for each Unicycle Class:
5. Any unicycles in question must be checked for compliance within their Unicycle Class (wheel diameter, crank length and transmission), with the tire pressure that will be used in the race. Preferably, this check is carried out immediately before the event. Crank arm length is measured from the center of the wheel axle to the center of the pedal axle. Longer sizes may be used.
6. In all track events on regular unicycles, shoes must not be fixed to the pedals in any way (no click-in pedals, toe clips, tape, magnets or similar).

2B.2.7, 1
Old:
The standard relay distances must be 4 x 100 m and 4 x 400 m like in athletics.
New:
The standard relay distances are 4 x 100 m and 4 x 400 m like in athletics.

2B.3.1, 4.2
Old:
The time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and should approximately 1 second.
New:
The time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and approximately 1 second.

2B.2.6, 3; 2B.4.2, 2 and 2B.4.4, 2
Old:
2B.2.6,3:
No crank arm restrictions apply.
2B.4.2, 2 and 2B.4.4, 2:
Crank arm rules do not apply.
New:
Rules on crank arm length do not apply.

2B.4.2, 4
Old:
If the rider does not cross the qualifying line it will count as an invalid attempt. If a rider crosses the coasting line (tire contact point) not in coasting position, it will count as an invalid attempt.
New:
If the rider does not cross the 'qualifying line' it will count as an invalid attempt. If a rider crosses the 'starting line' (tire contact point) not in coasting position, it will count as an invalid attempt.

2C.1.3, 2
Old:
If a verbal (spoken) count is used, the time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and should approximately 1 second.
New:
If a verbal (spoken) count is used, the time between (the start of) each of these elements must be the same, and approximately 1 second.

2C.1.4, 1
Old:
The Timekeeper must be responsible for the conformity to the rules and the functioning of the timing system.
New:
The Timekeeper is responsible for the conformity to the rules and the functioning of the timing system.

2C.1.7
Old:
2C.1.7 Technical Disciplin Judge
New:
2C.1.7 Technical Discipline Judge

2D.5
Old:
Racing competition is held in two separate divisions: Male and Female.
There will be no mixing of age groups, or males and females, in heats except with permission from the Racing Referee.
Track events must have both a preliminary and final round.
New:
1. Racing competition is held in two separate divisions: Male and Female. An exception are the relays, which can be mixed male/female according to 2B.2.7, 7.
2. There will be no mixing of age groups, or males and females (except for the relays), in heats except with permission from the Racing Referee.
3. Track events must have both a preliminary and final round.

Body

Further information can be found in the corresponding discussion 95

References


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